Hoosier Authors: Lew Wallace

*Post written by James Wethington, library assistant of the University Archives and Special Collections.

Portrait of Lew Wallace in a United States military dress, n.d. Source: Wikipedia

Portrait of Lew Wallace, n.d. Source: Wikipedia

Just like summer vacation, our “Hoosier Authors” series is winding down this week; but we have two more authors to discuss! Today, we are examining the life of Lew Wallace: a former soldier turned lawyer, author, diplomat. Though his other professions were important, one of his novels has become synonymous in American literature.

Wallace was born in Brookville, Indiana on April 10, 1827 (Leepson, 2017). His father, David, served as the sixth governor of Indiana for one term from 1837 to 1840 (National Governors Association, 2015). Wallace dropped out of school when he was 16 and worked various types of jobs such as a copyist, news reporter, and eventually joined the military twice. He served in the Mexican-American War for the First Regiment of Indiana Volunteers; after the war ended, Wallace continued studying law and practiced law starting in 1849 (Leepson, 2017).

Ben-Hur (1880)

Book cover of Ben-Hur, 1880. Source: University Archives & Special Collections

He had dabbled in local and states politics serving as the prosecuting attorney in Covington, Indiana and as a state senator (Leepson, 2017; National Governors Association, 2015). Shortly after, Wallace rejoined the military; moreover, he was promoted to state adjutant general of Indiana regiments in 1861 until his promotion a month later to colonel of the 11th Regiment of Indiana Volunteers (Leepson, 2017). Wallace resigned from his position and soon joined the Union Army of the Tennessee, under the leadership of General Ulysses S. Grant. Surprisingly, Grant promoted Wallace to serve as major general. Wallace fought in numerous battles such as the Battle of Shiloh and Battle of Fort Donelson. By 1864, he served as the commander of the VIII Army Corps in Baltimore. His defining moment occurred in 1864 during the Battle of Monocacy: he stopped Confederate forces from invading Washington, D.C. Wallace served on two war courts and soon resigned from the military in 1865, returning to practicing law (Leepson, 2017).

general-lew-wallace-study

Lew Wallace Home in Crawfordsville, Indiana, n.d. Source: TripAdvisor

Soon after leaving the military, Wallace started the second half of his life as an author and diplomat for the United States. He wrote his first book, The Fair God, in 1873; however, his second novel proved to be his magnum opus: he wrote Ben Hur: A Tale of the Christ in 1880 (Lew Wallace Study and Museum, 2017). Today, it is known because of its’ film adaptation in 1959, starring Charlton Heston, and in 2016, starring Jack Huston, as the main character, Ben-Hur. As a diplomat, he worked two positions: his first was serving as the territorial governor of the New Mexico Territory from 1878 to 1881. His second was as an ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, modern-day Turkey, in 1881 to 1885 under the Cleveland administration. Wallace passed away on February 15, 1905 in Crawfordsville, Indiana (Leepson, 2017).

Today, people can take a tour of the General Lew Wallace Study and Museum in Crawfordsville, Indiana and learn more about Wallace’s life. In our rare and special book collection, we have a copy of an 1880 edition of Ben-Hur, available for viewing.

References

Leepson, M. (14 July 2017). Lewis Wallace. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/biography/Lewis-Wallace

National Governors Association (2015). Governor David Wallace. Retrieved from https://www.nga.org/cms/home/governors/past-governors-bios/page_indiana/col2-content/main-content-list/title_wallace_david.default.html

Lew Wallace Study and Museum (2017). Lew Wallace timeline. Retrieved from http://www.ben-hur.com/meet-lew-wallace/timeline/

This entry was posted in Civil War, Hoosier Authors, literature, Politics. Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to Hoosier Authors: Lew Wallace

  1. Thielman, Marilyn S says:

    James,

    I’m catching up on my 110 emails received while I was gone . . .

    This is a most interesting piece that you wrote about this Hoosier author of Ben-Hur – one of my favorites. So, we really have here in the Archives a copy of an 1880 edition of this book? Wow! I’m impressed.

    Marilyn

    Marilyn Thielman
    Administrative Assistant
    Center for Communal Studies
    University of Southern Indiana
    8600 University Blvd.
    Evansville, IN 47712
    (812) 465-1656
    msthielman@usi.edu

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s